Notice: Undefined variable: code in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 2206

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Notice: Undefined index: more in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 721

Notice: Undefined index: l in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/class.php on line 724

Warning: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is no longer supported, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/tpl.php on line 54

Warning: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is no longer supported, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/tpl.php on line 69

Notice: Undefined variable: code in /home/devuser/www/qsc/includes/tpl.php on line 70

تفسير القرطبي - سورة الحشر - الآية 1

خيارات حفظ الصفحة والطباعة

حفظ الصفحة بصيغة ووردحفظ الصفحة بصيغة النوت باد أو بملف نصيحفظ الصفحة بصيغة htmlطباعة الصفحة
Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Reddit StumbleUpon Linkedin Tumblr Google Bookmarks Email
سَبَّحَ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ (1) (الحشر) mp3
رَوَى اِبْن عَبَّاس أَنَّ رَسُول اللَّه صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : ( مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَة الْحَشْر لَمْ يَبْقَ شَيْء مِنْ الْجَنَّة وَالنَّار وَالْعَرْش وَالْكُرْسِيّ وَالسَّمَوَات وَالْأَرْض وَالْهَوَامّ وَالرِّيح وَالسَّحَاب وَالطَّيْر وَالدَّوَابّ وَالشَّجَر وَالْجِبَال وَالشَّمْس وَالْقَمَر وَالْمَلَائِكَة إِلَّا صَلَّوْا عَلَيْهِ وَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لَهُ . فَإِنْ مَاتَ مِنْ يَوْمه أَوْ لَيْلَته مَاتَ شَهِيدًا ) . خَرَّجَهُ الثَّعْلَبِيّ . وَخَرَّجَ الثَّعَالِبِيّ عَنْ يَزِيد الرَّقَاشِيّ عَنْ أَنَس أَنَّ رَسُول اللَّه صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : ( مَنْ قَرَأَ آخِر سُورَة الْحَشْر " لَوْ أَنْزَلْنَا هَذَا الْقُرْآن عَلَى جَبَل " [ الْحَشْر : 21 ] - إِلَى آخِرهَا - فَمَاتَ مِنْ لَيْلَته مَاتَ شَهِيدًا ) . وَرَوَى التِّرْمِذِيّ عَنْ مَعْقِل بْن يَسَار قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُول اللَّه صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ( مَنْ قَالَ حِين يُصْبِح ثَلَاث مَرَّات أَعُوذ بِاَللَّهِ السَّمِيع الْعَلِيم مِنْ الشَّيْطَان الرَّجِيم وَقَرَأَ ثَلَاث آيَات مِنْ آخِر سُورَة الْحَشْر وَكَّلَ اللَّه بِهِ سَبْعِينَ أَلْف مَلَك يُصَلُّونَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يُمْسِي وَإِنْ مَاتَ فِي يَوْمه مَاتَ شَهِيدًا وَمَنْ قَرَأَهَا حِين يُمْسِي فَكَذَلِكَ ) . قَالَ : حَدِيث حَسَن غَرِيب .

" سَبَّحَ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَات وَمَا فِي الْأَرْض " أَيْ مَجَّدَ اللَّه وَنَزَّهَهُ عَنْ السُّوء . وَقَالَ اِبْن عَبَّاس : صَلَّى لِلَّهِ " مَا فِي السَّمَوَات " مِمَّنْ خَلَقَ مِنْ الْمَلَائِكَة " وَالْأَرْض " مِنْ شَيْء فِيهِ رُوح أَوْ لَا رُوح فِيهِ . وَقِيلَ : هُوَ تَسْبِيح الدَّلَالَة . وَأَنْكَرَ الزَّجَّاج هَذَا وَقَالَ : لَوْ كَانَ هَذَا تَسْبِيح الدَّلَالَة وَظُهُور آثَار الصَّنْعَة لَكَانَتْ مَفْهُومَة , فَلِمَ قَالَ : " وَلَكِنْ لَا تَفْقَهُونَ تَسْبِيحهمْ " [ الْإِسْرَاء : 44 ] وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ تَسْبِيح مُقَال . وَاسْتَدَلَّ بِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى : " وَسَخَّرْنَا مَعَ دَاوُد الْجِبَال يُسَبِّحْنَ " [ الْأَنْبِيَاء : 79 ] فَلَوْ كَانَ هَذَا تَسْبِيح دَلَالَة فَأَيّ تَخْصِيص لِدَاوُدَ ؟ !

قُلْت : وَمَا ذَكَرَهُ هُوَ الصَّحِيح , وَقَدْ مَضَى بَيَانه وَالْقَوْل فِيهِ فِي " الْإِسْرَاء " عِنْد قَوْله تَعَالَى : " وَإِنْ مِنْ شَيْء إِلَّا يُسَبِّح بِحَمْدِهِ " [ الْإِسْرَاء : 44 ]

مَعْنَاهُ الْمَنِيع الَّذِي لَا يُنَال وَلَا يُغَالَب . وَقَالَ اِبْن كَيْسَان : مَعْنَاهُ الَّذِي لَا يُعْجِزهُ شَيْء ; دَلِيله : " وَمَا كَانَ اللَّه لِيُعْجِزهُ مِنْ شَيْء فِي السَّمَاوَات وَلَا فِي الْأَرْض " . [ فَاطِر : 44 ] . الْكِسَائِيّ : " الْعَزِيز " الْغَالِب ; وَمِنْهُ قَوْله تَعَالَى : " وَعَزَّنِي فِي الْخِطَاب " [ ص : 23 ] وَفِي الْمَثَل : { مَنْ عَزَّ بَزَّ } أَيْ مَنْ غَلَبَ سَلَبَ . وَقِيلَ : " الْعَزِيز " الَّذِي لَا مِثْل لَهُ ; بَيَانه " لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْء " [ الشُّورَى : 11 ] .

مَعْنَاهُ الْحَاكِم , وَبَيْنهمَا مَزِيد الْمُبَالَغَة . وَقِيلَ مَعْنَاهُ الْمُحْكِم وَيَجِيء الْحَكِيم عَلَى هَذَا مِنْ صِفَات الْفِعْل , صُرِفَ عَنْ مُفْعِل إِلَى فَعِيل , كَمَا صُرِفَ عَنْ مُسْمِع إِلَى سَمِيع وَمُؤْلِم إِلَى أَلِيم , قَالَهُ اِبْن الْأَنْبَارِيّ . وَقَالَ قَوْم : الْمَانِع مِنْ الْفَسَاد , وَمِنْهُ سُمِّيَتْ حَكَمَة اللِّجَام , لِأَنَّهَا تَمْنَع الْفَرَس مِنْ الْجَرْي وَالذَّهَاب فِي غَيْر قَصْد . قَالَ جَرِير : أَبَنِي حَنِيفَة أَحْكِمُوا سُفَهَاءَكُمْ إِنِّي أَخَاف عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ أَغْضَبَا أَيْ اِمْنَعُوهُمْ مِنْ الْفَسَاد . وَقَالَ زُهَيْر : الْقَائِد الْخَيْل مَكْنُوبًا دَوَابِرهَا قَدْ أُحْكِمَتْ حَكَمَات الْقِدّ وَالْأَبَقَا الْقِدّ : الْجِلْد . وَالْأَبَق : الْقُنَّب . وَالْعَرَب تَقُول : أَحْكِمْ الْيَتِيم عَنْ كَذَا وَكَذَا , يُرِيدُونَ مَنْعه . وَالسُّورَة الْمُحْكَمَة : الْمَمْنُوعَة مِنْ التَّغْيِير وَكُلّ التَّبْدِيل , وَأَنْ يَلْحَق بِهَا مَا يَخْرُج عَنْهَا , وَيُزَاد عَلَيْهَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهَا , وَالْحِكْمَة مِنْ هَذَا , لِأَنَّهَا تَمْنَع صَاحِبهَا مِنْ الْجَهْل . وَيُقَال : أَحْكَمَ الشَّيْء إِذَا أَتْقَنَهُ وَمَنَعَهُ مِنْ الْخُرُوج عَمَّا يُرِيد . فَهُوَ مُحْكَم وَحَكِيم عَلَى التَّكْثِير .
none
Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Reddit StumbleUpon Linkedin Tumblr Google Bookmarks Email

اختر سوره

اختر اللغة